Temple Mount In Islam :Al Aqsa-Haram Al Sharif
Chapter 17 of the Koran it is told of “Isra” – one of the nights that Gabriel appeared to Mohammed, he had taken him for a nocturnal journey:
“Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing”.
According to the tradition Mohammed was miraculously taken from Mecca to Jerusalem,ridden on his magnificent, winged mare – Al-Buraq. from where he had ascended to heaven and met Abraham, Jesus, Elijah, Moses and other prominent individuals. At the end, Mohammed spoke to the lord himself, who commanded him of the 5 daily prayers of Islam (prayer being one of the 5 pillars on which Islam stands). Helater returned to Jerusalem,
Al Aqsa is considered a place of a high spiritual force. In the time of the ‘Bet-Umiah’ dynasty (the first dynasty of Muslim ‘Khalifs’), the dome of the rock was considered the most sacred place on earth, a location of ancient traditions, visions and important events in the world’s history. This is the best site in the world from which to pray, as believed by Muslims of that period.
Al Aqsa is considered the nearest place to heaven, and the spot where colossal events are to happen in the days to come – at the gates of the Temple Mount the final battle shall transpire. The Mahdi (Muslim messiah) shall be killed at the Golden Gate (English name for “Gate of Mercy” – one of the gates of the Old City of Jerusalem) and will be given the Ark of the Covenant. According to this Muslim belief, once the Jews will see the Ark in the hands of the Mahdi, they will convert to Islam and will join the great pilgrimage to the Kaaba (Black Rock in Mecca). Dwellers of Heaven and Hell will come to the Haram, where king Israphel will blow the trumpet on judgement day, and the dead will be resurrected.
The Temple Mount also happens to be the holiest site to Jews around the world, where both the first and second temples stood, before they were destroyed. Up until this very day and throughout history, the rising of the third temple has been a substantial part of Jewish prayers, and of course, where else would it be built other than the temple mount itself?
In present times, the temple Mount is still a main controversy, and plays a crucial role in the Israeli- Palestinian conflict. Still standing today are holy sites like the mosque of Omar / Dome of the Rock, which is home of the foundation stone from which it is believed the world was created, Mosque of Al-Aqsa, and an Islamic Museum.
The Temple Mount In Christianity
Aside for the Temple Mount’s role in the old testament, the Temple played an important role in the life of Jesus, since he was a child and until his crucifixion.